General References
Bowling, Frank. "Black Art: Talking About Books." Two Rivers. London: Two Rivers, 1970.

Cedarholm, Theresa Dickason. Afro-American Artists: A Bio-Bibliographical Directory. Boston: Boston Public Library, 1973.

Fine, Eisa Honig. The Afro-American Artist, A Search for Identity. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc., 1973 (revised 1982, New York: Hacker Art Books).

Igoe, Lynn with James Igoe. 250 Years of Afro-American Art: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Bowker, 1981.

Lewis, Samella: Art: African American. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1978.

Robins, Corinne. "Art and Politics." The Pluralist Era: American Art, 1968-1981. New York: Harper and Row, 1984.

Spencer, Harold. The /mage Maker: Man and His Art. New York;
Charles Scribner & Sons, 1975.

Walker, Roslyn. A Resource Guide to the Visual Arts ofAfro-Americans. South Bend, Indiana, 1971.